Corporate and M&A

Contact: Tony Stumm, Partner; Carter Newell (Queensland, Australia) 

The ramifications of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) v Valve Corporation (No 3) [2016] FCA 196 (Valve case) are best remembered as exposing operators of foreign based websites to the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth) (Act) where internet sales are made to Australians. In the Valve case, Valve Corporation was pursued by the ACCC for misleading and deceptive conduct for representing to Australian customers that they were not entitled to refunds where defective video games were purchased. The ACCC was able to prove that the Act was enforceable against Valve Corporation because the conduct of the Valve Corporation was considered to have arisen in Australia, hence triggering Australian jurisdiction.

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Contact: Prof. Dr. H. Ercument Erdem; Erdem & Erdem (Turkey) 


One of the events for succession of shares in limited liability companies is through share transfer. The transfer of shares, in principle, is subject to the approval of the general assembly. Contrary to joint stock companies, the transfer of shares in limited liability companies cannot be made freely, and is subject to a requirement as to form. One of the most important novelties brought by the Turkish Commercial Code[1] (“TCC”) on this matter is the facilitation of transfers. This novelty is a consequence of the strengthening of the stock corporation nature of limited liability companies.

This Newsletter article focuses on the provisions of the TCC regarding the transfer of shares in limited liability companies. The succession of shares by way of inheritance, provisions on marital property or enforcement proceedings are not separately examined hereunder.

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Contact: NILAY CELEBI; Erdem & Erdem (Turkey)


As per Art. 338 of Turkish Commercial Code No. 6102, one or more shareholders may establish a joint stock company. Thus, the Turkish Commercial Code allows a joint stock company to be established by a single shareholder. In addition, a joint stock company that has more than one shareholder may be converted to a single shareholder joint stock company, provided it fulfills certain notification requirements.

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Contact: Nilsun Gursoy; Erdem & Erdem (Turkey)

International Agreements

  • The Resolution of Council of Ministers dated 08.02.2016 and numbered 2016/8519 on the Ratification of the Decision No. 4/2015 of the EU-EFTA Joint Committee on Common Transit Amending the Annexes of the Convention on a Common Transit Procedure was published in the Official Gazette dated 01.03.2016 and numbered 29640.
  • The Resolution of Council of Ministers dated 29.02.2016 and numbered 2016/8570 on the Ratification of the Protocol Amending the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization was published in the Official Gazette dated 05.03.2016 and numbered 29644.
  • The Resolution of Council of Ministers dated 01.01.2016 and numbered 2016/8498 on the Adherence to the Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic was published in the Official Gazette dated 13.03.2016 and numbered 29652.

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Contact: Budidjaja & Associates Lawyers

On 7 January 2016, the Ministry of Law and Human Rights issued Minister of Law and Human Rights (“MOLHR”) Regulation No. 1 of 2016 on the Amendment to MOLHR Regulation No. 4 of 2014 on the Procedures for SubmittingApplication for Legalization of Legal Entities, Approval for Amendments to the Articles of Association, and
Notification in Respect of the Change of Company Data (“Regulation 1/2016”). Regulation 1/2016 came into effect on 25 January 2016.

Read more: New Regulation on Changes of Articles of Association and Company Data