Financial Institutions and Markets (J)
As per the simplest definition, crowdfunding is an alternative financing method for funding projects and entrepreneurs. The Draft Law on Amendments to the Capital Market Law (“Draft Law”) regarding crowdfunding prepared by the government has been submitted to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on 26 December 2016. By the enactment of the aforementioned Draft Law, it is aimed to achieve to keep the crowdfunding platforms in a free market, and simultaneously to bring protection mechanisms.
Since the turn of the millennium, there has been an increase in the variety and use of capital structures of a company. Under the well-known and widely accepted Modigliani and Miller theorem (“M-M theorem”), regulators would be able to achieve any particularly desirable mix of debt and equity in banks at negligible cost, since leverage (banks' debt: equity ratio) would then be irrelevant to lending and its pricing. Although it is proposed by the M-M theorem that the capital structure of a company, i.e. how the combination of debt and equity is managed, is irrelevant for the value of the firm, this classical theorem has been challenged by many other theorems, such as the ‘trade-off’ theory, the ‘agency costs’ theory, and ‘pecking-order’ theory (Ferran, pp. 54-56).
Since 01.01.2017 a new Ordinance came into force - Ordinance № 12 of 29.09.2016 on the Register of bank accounts and safe deposit boxes (RBASDB). It regulates the functioning, scope, procedure and deadlines for filing and obtaining information from RBASDB which is maintained by the Bulgarian National Bank (BNB). The register is an electronic information system that provides centralized information on bank account numbers, their holders and persons authorized to operate with the accounts, as well as customers of safety deposit boxes in banks and persons authorized by them. The ones who are entitled to obtain information from the “Register” are the authorities and institutions under article 56a, paragraph 3 (the judicial authorities, National Revenue Agency, State Agency “National Security”, Chief Directorate “National Police”, Chief Directorate “Combating Organized Crime”, the enforcement agents when an enforcement case is filed, banks, etc.), as well as natural persons and legal entities under article 56a paragraph 4 of the Law on Credit Institutions (LCI). Banks and branches of foreign banks operating in the country, as well as the BNB, have an obligation to submit the necessary information to the “Register”.
Fenech Farrugia Fiott Legal are proud to announce the publication of the Malta chapter in the prestigious publication- The Transport Finance Law Review. The publication is international in scope and is designed to provide industry insights to transport finance in each of the key jurisdictions in which ships, rolling stock and aircraft are financed.
A.S.A Bari, a Barrister at Lincoln’s Inn, Managing Partner of A.S & Associates and, and an Advocate of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh discusses Bangladesh’s current biggest legal challenge, Non-Performing Loan recovery.
In Bangladesh, the foremost challenge for the financial institutes is Non-Performing Loan (NPL) recovery. Recently the Ministry of Finance of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh informed the national Parliament that the total amount of non-performing loan is BDT 560 Billion. According to Bangladesh Bank, the Central Bank of Bangladesh, NPL ratio increased by 113 basis points, reaching 9.9 percent at end of March 2016 from 8.8 percent (9.3 as per World Bank) recorded at end of December 2015.