Financial Institutions and Markets (J)

Financial Institutions and Markets (J)

Author: Matthew Blakebrough

Clearbank, Monzo, Revolut, Starling and Tandem; if you haven't heard of these, you soon will as they represent 5 of the most successful digital challenger banks of 2018, all of whom have just been ranked in LinkedIn's Top UK Startups 2018.

A Great British success story?

Traditional UK retail banks have not enjoyed the easiest of times in recent years. The cost of Payment Protection Insurance has dragged on, low interest rates have continued to squeeze lending margins and the occasional data breach or online banking system crash has not helped their reputation along the way.

The latter is where the new digital challengers have a key advantage. Unlike their traditional forefathers, digital challenger banking tech is new, intuitive, and not built on top of old, in many cases outdated, computing infrastructure.

Read more: The Great British Banking Revolution – Are the Digital Challenger Banks here to stay?

Author: Nezihe Boran Demir


As stated under Article 128 of Capital Markets Law No. 63621 ("Capital Markets Law"), one of the duties of the Capital Markets Board ("CMB"), among others, is to determine the procedures and principles for the supervision and operation of the management of the information systems of capital markets institutions, publicly held companies, stock exchanges and self-regulatory establishments. To this end, based on the provisions of the Capital Markets Law, Communiqué on the Management of the Information Systems (VII-128.9) ("Management Communiqué"), together with the Communiqué on the Independent Auditing of Information Systems (III-62.2) ("Auditing Communiqué," Management Communiqué, and the Auditing Communiqué, shall collectively be referred to as the "Communiqués") have been published in the Official Gazette dated 5 January 2018 and numbered 30292. Both the Management Communiqué and the Auditing Communiqué have entered into force with their publication in the Official Gazette. While the procedures and principals applicable to the management of the information systems for the listed establishments therein are determined under the Management Communiqué, independent auditing of information systems is further regulated under the Auditing Communiqué. This article will mainly focus on the scope of the Management Communiqué, innovations introduced thereunder, especially the obligation to keep the systems in the Republic of Turkey and, finally, the sanctions.

Read more: Management of Information Systems

Authors: Erin F. Fonté & Brenna E. McGee

On July 31, 2018, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”) released a report on “Nonbank Financials, Fintech, and Innovation,” its fourth and final report on the U.S. financial system pursuant to Executive Order 13772 (the “Report”). At over 200 pages long, with 80 separate recommendations, the Report addresses products and services ranging from payments and marketplace lending to debt collection and wealth management. While many of Treasury’s recommendations would have a positive impact on creating a national and state regulatory environment to foster innovation in financial services, the Report is ambitious, and implementing many of its recommendations will be a massive effort in legislation, policy-making and regulatory oversight.

Read more: Fintech-Forward: U.S. Treasury Department’s Report on Nonbank Financials, Fintech, and Innovation


In an important joint statement issued on September 11, 2018, the federal financial regulatory agencies (the FDIC, the OCC, the Federal Reserve, the NCUA, and the CFPB) clarified the role of supervisory guidance, stating that supervisory guidance “does not have the force and effect of law.” Community and regional banks and other regulated financial institutions are applauding this effort by regulators to ensure that both the regulated and their regulators have a clear understanding of the appropriate role of guidance in supervision. Financial institutions over the years have raised numerous concerns about the application of guidance in the examination process, and will likely view this as a positive step towards providing greater clarity.

Read more: Federal Financial Regulators Clarify Supervisory Guidance Not “Force of Law”

Author: Jesse Tyner Moore

Anyone interested in charters from the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency should be following Lusnak vs. Bank of America, 883 F.3d 1185 (9th Cir. 2018), which is being appealed from the Ninth Circuit to the United States Supreme Court. OCC charters are of course a hot topic—now that the OCC is accepting applications from FinTech companies for national bank charters, the power of federal regulators to excuse federally chartered entities from compliance with state regulations may be more important than ever. After all, the key benefit offered by a national bank charter for many FinTech companies is exemption from state-level money transmission licensing and regulation… in theory.

Read more: Supreme Court Asked to Clarify Applicability of State Laws to OCC-Chartered Entities in Lusnak v....