Insolvency and Secured Transactions

With the latest changes in the Bulgarian Commerce Act, promulgated on December 2016, a complete new set of business stabilization proceedings were created, which are regulated in the amended Fifth part of the Act.The aforementioned amendment, together with the other changes in the Act, are a result of the tendencies at transnational level within the European Union, which have been prevailing in the last years,for creating minimum standards for security and guaranteeing the citizens’ rights and the opportunities for investments. One of the main aims of the European Commission Recommendation from 12 March 2014 is to ensure the possibility for restructuring of businesses with financial difficulties, in order to prevent the risk of becoming insolvent, and to lead to maximum benefit for the businesses and their creditors and employees. The same point is set out in the European Council Recommendation from 14 July 2015, which recognizes the importance of national legislation for facilitating the process of reduction of the debt ratio of businesses. The Recommendation also provides advice for improving the businesses’ restricting mechanisms before the bankruptcy proceeding are instituted.The changes in the Commerce Act are also in compliance with the recommendations of the World Bank, in accordance with the regulations of the bankruptcy proceedings and the rights of the creditors. The new amendment in the field of the stabilization proceedings will enter into force on 01 July 2017.

Read more: Stabilization Proceedings in Bulgaria – Second Chance For Businesses With Financial Difficulties

On 22 December 2016 the last changes in the Commerce act were adopted. Among them are also the amendments of the bankruptcy proceedings legislation and the creation of completely new proceedings –business stabilization proceedings. One of the purposes of these changes is to catch up with the prevailing in the last years tendencies at a transnational level within the European Union, for guaranteeing the existence of procedures, which can ensure the possibility for undertakings to stabilize, and also for conducting efficient bankruptcy proceedings, which can result in providing fair satisfaction of creditors‘ .

The Resolution, adopted by the European Parliament on 15 November 2011, refers clearly to the need of harmonization of the legislation of the Member States in the field of the bankruptcy and it also indicates the guidelines of the necessary changes, which have to affect the initiation of the bankruptcy proceedings, the presentment of claims, the rules for the revocatory actions, etc. Different guidelines for creating plans for restructuring of the undertakings, the effect and the content of these plans are also adduced in the Resolution.

Read more: Changes in the Field of Bankruptcy – To More Efficient and More Secure Bankruptcy Proceedings in...

Due to present political and economic circumstances in Brazil, the number of judicial reorganisation requests has considerably increased in the past few years. As a result, courts have been tested on a number of issues and new legal interpretations have been adopted. Specifically, recent court rulings have determined that provisions under financing agreements setting forth the acceleration of outstanding debt as a consequence of judicial reorganisation filings by debtors would contradict a legal purpose of protecting the debtor’s going concern, and would thus be null and void. In this scenario, the article contains an analysis of the legal validity and effectiveness of debt acceleration contractual provisions in Brazil, particularly vis-à-vis the referred recent court rulings and their potential adverse impact on credit supply and risk management.

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Contact: Fatih Isik


As per the state of emergency declared in the Republic of Turkey on July 20th, 2016, and under Article 4 of Decree Law numbered 669 and dated 31.07.2016, corporations are prohibited from requesting, and the courts are prohibited to rule upon, suspension of bankruptcy. Through this prohibition, yet another opportunity, namely, the concordat, has again come into effect. The meaning of the word ‘concordat’, is a restructuring option for debtors in a poor financial situation, but one that has been rarely applied due to the advantages of suspension of bankruptcy.

Read more: Concordat as an Alternative to Suspension of Bankruptcy

There is a lot of press coverage about the Hanjin bankruptcy, but very little of it provides tangible facts for traders to rely on. One thing we know for sure is Hanjin filed a Chapter 15 bankruptcy in the U.S. What that means is the U.S. bankruptcy court will defer to the Korean bankruptcy court regarding how the case will proceed. The U.S. court will limit its orders to cargo in the U.S. or touching the U.S. Most importantly right now, if you think you have a claim against Hanjin, you need to file that claim in the Korean bankruptcy proceeding, and you must do that between October 11 and 25, 2016. If you miss that claim deadline, you will be out of luck. There are a handful of Korean lawyers representing the interests of cargo owners and other potential claimants in Korea and they should be contacted immediately. Referrals are available.

Beside this one fact, there are a lot of pending questions...

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