ZUL RAFIQUE & partners has published the second edition of The Brief Case 2018.

Click here to view the full update.

Authors: Jonathan Turner and Susan Kohn Ross


Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) mandates that public accommodation must be provided to disabled persons to allow for the “full and equal enjoyment” of the related privileges, goods, services, advantages and accommodations as those provided to able bodied persons. The owner of any business is responsible for making sure those accommodations are made with “reasonable modification.” The ADA makes it very clear that a business that does not provide for that accommodation is engaging in unlawful discrimination 42 U.S.C. section 12182(b)(2)(A)(iii).

Read more: Website Accessibility - Americans with Disabilities Act Impact

Author: Lou Brzezinski, Partner

On October 17, 2018, Canada became the second country in the world, and the first G7 nation, to legalize recreational cannabis.[1] The Cannabis Act[2] and Regulations create a strict legal and regulatory framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis across Canada. Under the newly in force Cannabis Act, provinces and territories are responsible for determining how cannabis is distributed and sold within their jurisdictions. This means that each province and territory has been tasked to create its own set of rules governing the “how, where and when” of their individual cannabis distribution and retail system(s).[3] Since the Liberals officially announced on April 20, 2016 that the government would move forward in legalizing cannabis,[4] the provinces and territories have been working toward this goal for varying amounts of time. Post-legalization, each province and territory is at a different level of preparation and readiness.

Read the entire article.

Author: Duygu Oner


The general principles on maritime enforcement are set out in Turkish Commercial Code ("TCC") numbered 6102. On the other hand, Turkey has ratified the International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages, signed in Geneva on 6 May 1993 and the International Convention on the Arrest of Ships, signed in Geneva on 12 March 1999 and both conventions have been come into force on 25 March 2017. The provisions of these two conventions have already been taken into consideration by the drafting committee of the code, and the relevant provisions have been incorporated into the TCC in preparing the same. This newsletter reviews the principles and provisions stipulated in the TCC for the arrest of ships.

Read more: Arrest of Ships under Turkish Law

Author: Samantha Banks

This fall, Pennsylvania adopted legislation in an effort to prevent, deter, and criminalize hazing at colleges, universities, and secondary schools. Pennsylvania’s Timothy J. Piazza Anti-Hazing Law (Senate Bill 1090) (the “Law”) was adopted in response to the death of Timothy Piazza, a student at Penn State University who died as a result of traumatic brain injuries he sustained during a fraternity pledging event.

Read more: New Anti-Hazing Law Requires PA Colleges & Universities to Post Semi-Annual Reports, with Initial...